According to the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, a staggering 68 percent of the world’s population is expected to live in urban areas by the year 2050. The population drift toward cities is a feature of both highly-developed countries and the developing world. As more people move into these urban centers, there will be a tremendous strain upon local infrastructure and the ability of municipal institutions to deliver services to residents. If cities are unable to accommodate growing population demands, they will struggle to thrive and generate sustainable economic growth.
That’s why many urban planners regard smart city technology as essential to future prosperity. Just as communications and cloud computing technology have revolutionized the way essential goods and services are delivered, there are a number of exciting innovations that could fundamentally transform the way people live in cities and interact with municipal services.
What is a Smart City?
“Smart city” is a catch-all term used to refer to a city that has made significant investments in information and communications technology to create an intelligent network capable of transmitting data throughout an urban environment using wireless technology and cloud computing. This network serves as an ecosystem that allows citizens to use devices to access information and services quickly and seamlessly and empowers municipalities to streamline operations, optimize infrastructure, and make better, faster decisions informed by real-time data.
The concept of the smart city is no longer something confined to science fiction. With the development of wireless and fiber optic technology, the communications infrastructure of today’s cities finally have the capacity to connect people, devices, and services in ways that would have seemed outlandish just a few decades ago. Internet of Things (IoT) devices have made it possible to gather, transmit, and process data without having to make connections to a centralized network. The gradual rollout of 5G technology will also make it possible for an even greater number of devices to be deployed without gobbling up all available bandwidth. Many cities are experimenting with pilot programs that offer tremendous potential for the future.
Potential Use Case: COVID-19 and the Smart City
As public health officials have struggled to track and contain the spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus, it’s a good time to think about how smart city technology could make it easier for municipalities to manage large population centers during a pandemic. One of the challenges facing governments has been identifying and tracking known cases and finding ways to enforce stay-at-home orders. Many countries are already using mobile phone data to create a more comprehensive picture of where people are located and how much they’re moving around, which has proven critical when developing models for how the infection might spread. Some developers have also created apps that allow people to self-report potential symptoms.
Combined with a broad, smart city infrastructure, a combination of self-reporting data and mobile tracking could provide far better risk modeling and deliver more useful information to citizens. A smart city equipped with IoT sensors could determine where high-risk areas are located and inform people where they can safely travel. It could also greatly facilitate relief and treatment efforts. Rather than trying to contact a hospital through jammed phone lines, for instance, capacity data could be broadcast throughout the smart city network. It could also help make telemedicine services more widely available and connect people to the resources they need to stay safe during the outbreak.
4 Reasons the Smart City Needs a Smarter Data Center
While urban planners have been talking about smart cities for some time, the reality hasn’t fully arrived just yet. Autonomous vehicles are still years away from becoming ubiquitous sights on the highway and IoT devices are only just beginning to take their place in people's homes. Data centers still have an important role to play in this transformation, however. Far from the simple storage facilities of the past, today’s data centers have the potential to become a dynamic change agent within these smart city networks.
1. Not All Cities Are the Same
There is a tendency to talk about smart cities as a singular concept, giving the impression that the network-enabled city is a standardized thing that looks the same everywhere. But each city is unique. The suburban sprawl of Jacksonville, for instance, will need a different network solution than the compact urban core of Boston. For some cities, a single hyperscale data center might be sufficient to serve as the hub for a smart city network, but the power infrastructure may not be able to support it. And in some places, geography and climate may have a big impact on the types of data centers that could be put into use.
Data centers are a vital component of intelligent cities, but they need to be catered to the realities of the market. Smaller cities will typically benefit from more edge data centers, for instance, that allow companies to better reach users with minimal latency. As IoT devices like autonomous vehicles proliferate, however, edge computing data centers will need to be flexible enough to accommodate changing usage demands, perhaps even incorporating a series of micro data centers to augment existing services.
2. Efficiency Matters
Fully integrated smart cities will put tremendous strain on existing data infrastructure. From all the data being collected on a regular basis to the intense computing demands of AI-driven machine learning analytics, the sheer amount of traffic and processing workload will force networks to optimize or collapse under their own weight. Edge computing will solve many of these problems, allowing IoT devices to take on much of the data storage and processing burden, but data centers will still need to adapt to deliver the performance intelligent cities require.
For one thing, smart city data centers will consume a lot of power from existing municipal infrastructures. While some of these power problems can be solved by improving server and storage efficiency, many facilities are already experimenting with cleaner alternative energy sources rather than doubling down on inefficient and pollutant-heavy factories. New advancements in liquid cooling and predictive analytics will also help data centers to consume power more efficiently, reducing their overall infrastructure footprint and improving their performance.
3. Access is Everything
The interconnected smart city network is supposed to make everything easier. City inhabitants will expect a seamless experience throughout their day as they transition their multiple devices from their homes, to the work-time commute, to the workplace, and back again. While IoT devices and 5G networks can smooth over the gaps by gathering and processing data locally, smart city data centers will function as critical nodes in a broader network that facilitates a wide variety of ongoing tasks. When autonomous vehicles are crisscrossing the city and interacting with a multitude of devices operating on every street, service outages aren’t just an inconvenience; they could potentially be dangerous.
High tier data centers with excellent uptime reliability will be crucial to making the smart city function effectively. Network access will need to be reliable, backed up by multiple redundancies and blended across multiple service providers to ensure easy and quick availability. As carrier-neutral providers, smart city data centers can provide the options and flexibility businesses, individuals, and municipalities need to build a robust network infrastructure that makes smart cities possible.
4. More Connections Mean More Vulnerabilities
Not everyone is excited about the prospect of the smart city. With IoT devices spreading and key city infrastructure being connected to broader networks thanks to edge computing, cybersecurity experts worry that this expanded attack surface will make intelligent cities an attractive target for hackers. For a preview of their worst-case fears involving ransomware, look no further than the March 2018 attack on Atlanta, which crippled many of the city’s systems and made it impossible for residents to do simple tasks like pay parking tickets or utility bills. There have been worse cyberattacks in other parts of the world, from the December 2015 attack that crippled western Ukraine’s electrical grid and left several cities without power to the October 2017 DDoS attack that led to train delays throughout Sweden.
Smart city data centers can’t afford to ignore these dangers and must work to make themselves a bulwark against cyber threats of all kinds. For thousands of years, cities were protected by walls that held hostile raiders and armies at bay; today’s data centers must perform the same role in a digital space—erecting the defenses that will safeguard smart city networks to keep critical infrastructure and vital devices up and running. By working with public and private stakeholders in these cities, data centers must develop the cybersecurity solutions of the future and implement them today.
Launch Your Smart City Solutions with vXchnge
Smart cities present many exciting possibilities for urban planners and city residents, several of which are still years away from becoming a reality. Whatever form the smart cities of the future take, however, data centers will undoubtedly play a vital role in their success. By adapting to the needs of these dynamic network environments, data centers can take the lead in building the cities of tomorrow.
With colocation data centers located in key emerging markets throughout the US, vXchnge is well-positioned to help municipalities and contractors roll out the next generation of smart city technology. Our facilities are engineered for perfection and backed by 100% uptime SLAs to ensure unbeatable reliability. With extensive connectivity options that provide a direct on-ramp to leading cloud providers, vXchnge data centers can empower a diverse range of smart city services to meet the needs of growing urban centers.
Ross is a Regional Vice President, Operations at vXchnge and is responsible for managing all 14 data center locations. With more than 30 years of experience, Ross has managed data center construction, engineering, repair and maintenance, leading him to the emerging business of colocation.